Write the Perfect Lead and It All Falls in Place

woman writer

By Patricia Zick @PCZick

“The young man huddled under a layer of blankets with a cap covering his bald head, as he talked about an upcoming trip to Las Vegas before he died.”

I learned a valuable lesson about writing a story, whether fiction or nonfiction, after writing my first feature article. The lead (or as journalists spell it, “lede”) of an article, column, or novel needs to hook the reader. If the first sentence hooks the reader, you have a chance of convincing them to stick around for the rest of the story. The sentence above is the one I should have written for my first feature on a nineteen-year-old man dying of cancer. I didn’t agonize over the lead, but instead sweated out the conclusion believing that was the most important thing. I knew he was dying; he knew he was dying, but I didn’t want the article to end in a way that drew the same conclusion for the reader. I lost a night’s sleep over how to end it, and suddenly I came up with a brilliant idea at three a.m. about the trip to Las Vegas, and I ran to the computer to finish the piece and send it to my editor at the local paper who was tight on space for that week’s paper. I made the front page, but the conclusion didn’t make it on page eight. The editor ran out of space and cut my final paragraph, which is the first place an editor on a newspaper looks for the extraneous. I was devastated.

Soon afterwards, I attended a writer’s conference. A columnist who I admired ran one of the sessions on column writing. I raised my hand and told him my story because I wanted to ask him question about how to handle that situation with the editor.

“Why in the world did you end your story with the best sentence?” he said. “Never, ever do that. If it’s so great, it needs to be in the lead.”

I’ve taken it to heart, but I’m not sure I always pull it off. It’s important to remember that the opening lines are an invitation to the reader. If they read one sentence, they might read two, then a whole paragraph, a page, and so on. It makes sense. As a reader, I wander the aisles of bookstores and pick up books with appealing covers and titles. I read the first paragraph, which is often one sentence of twenty-five words or less. If I’m not hooked, then rarely do I consider buying it. Writers must always think like readers.

Here’s some opening lines from novels to stress the point.

“Elmer Gantry was drunk.” Elmer Gantry by Sinclair Lewis

“Are you bored with sex?” The World is Full of Divorced Women by Jackie Collins

“There was once a boy by the name of Eustace Clarence Scrubb, and he almost deserved it.” The Chronicles of Narnia by Sinclair Lewis.

And my personal favorite because not only does it hook me as a reader, but it provides a wealth of information about this woman.

“She had slept naked all her life, and no one knew it.” by Eileen Jensen (I am unable to find the name of the book to attribute it.)

All of these opening lines urge the reader to move forward and find out more. Why did she sleep naked? How old was she? She’s most likely a virgin, single, and saucy, but those descriptors only intrigue me more.

Here’s a test. If you’re asked to send an excerpt of your book or the opening chapters, do you want to send something from the interior of the book instead? If so, it’s time to go back to the beginning, and start all over again. Even if you lose a little sleep over the lead, take heart. Perhaps the reader will too because you’ve so captivated them with your story. And it all begins where all good stories start – at the beginning.

Goodreads Giveaway now through March 31
Goodreads Giveaway now through March 31


First line of Tortoise Stew: “The bomb sat in a bag on Kelly Sands’ desk for an hour before she noticed it.”

8 responses to “Write the Perfect Lead and It All Falls in Place”

  1. Great post, Patricia. I’m certain it’s true and I’m certain I forget more than I remember…however, you’re prodding me to do better, which can only be good 🙂


    • Thanks, Tim. I’m glad to be a prod. I write these posts many times because it’s something that’s been on my mind for my own writing. That’s the case here – it’s always good to be reminded. Thanks for stopping by.


    • Glad you like it, Staci. I go back and smooth those opening lines. Sometimes I’m woken up with the perfect lead. Others time it’s not so easy. I think this is a good example of why leaving a piece for a bit can help. I keep remembering what Hemingway said in a Moveable Feast about leaving his writing at the end of each day. I suppose drinking copious amounts of alcohol helped him there so I’m out of luck there!


  2. I was in a writing seminar once and the leader did a whole day on opening sentences and opening paragraphs. Like your article, it was an eye opening (sorry, I couldn’t resist) experience.


    • Good one! It’s nice to read writing tips from others, and it’s great to have this blog so I can write about the lessons I need at a particular point in my writing. I’m reading Embattled right now. It’s getting to the point I hate to put it down to do my work! But then again as a writer part of my job is to be a reader, too. What a life:)


  3. Very good post. I agree…the first sentence HAS to be a real kicker, but the so does the last. The ending of a piece of any kind has the power to be mind-altering…life-changing, even. However, it does still stand that no one will ever get to it if they don’t take the bait with the first.

    And, I can’t even IMAGINE someone cutting the last paragraph of my (or anyone’s) work. Oh, the horror!!


  4. Hazy, it was horrible to be cut like that but it also taught me another important lesson: less is better. As most novice journalists, I wrote a piece that was far too long, which caused the cutting. That’s not to say it wouldn’t have happened if I’d been more concise, but it might have helped. I agree that a grand conclusion gives a piece more power. Thank goodness, our blogs don’t have a mean, old editor hovering (except the one in our minds).


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: